How to Become a Civil Judge in India.

Becoming a civil judge in India is one of the respected career options. It is a position of responsibility and pride. The effectiveness of the judicial system depends entirely on the functioning of judges. A judge is a person who is responsible for making critical decisions in court.

 A career as a civil judge is one of the respective career options civil judges are responsible for making critical conditions. The position of the civil judge has the highest authority in court. a civil judge makes a final verdict besides the work, there are other responsibilities outside the courtroom like research over laws and so on. Civil judges take decisions over civil cases; they are judicial magistrates. They are different from judges.

 Eligibility criteria 

Different qualifications are required for becoming a civil judge depending on the level at which one is pursuing a career and also depends on the job profiles as there are different types of civil judges, The first step towards becoming a judge is to pursue a bachelors in law, LLB degree course now this a 5-year degree course or 3-year degree course once the law aspirant has completed their LLB, it is an optional to complete a masters in law or LLM.

 It is extremely important for a judge to meet the minimum requirements including academic qualifications, age criteria, skill work, work experience and other criteria mentioned below:

  • candidates must have completed a law course such as LLB degree or BA LLB offered for 3 years or 5 years respectively.
  •  candidates after completing their post-graduation in LLM are also eligible to apply for the post of civil judge.
  •  candidates need to qualify for the judicial service examinations which includes the prelims, mains and interview round for the final selection.
  •  Candidates who are already working in the judiciary system of India for more than five years are also eligible to apply for the post of civil judge.


  • Good listening skills
  • Reasoning and Logical thinking
  • Sound verbal and writing communication skills
  • Legal knowledge
  • Analytical skills
  • Meditation skills
  • Unbiased approach
  • Eye to details
  • Empathy

Work experience:  To start the career as a judge, an aspirant must be an advocate aur at least 7 years.


Qualification After 10th:

To become a judge first of all you will have to be a graduate in law. For appearing in the CLAT exam you must have completed 10th, students with maximum 50% of marks. However, a relaxation of 50% was given to the SC/ST/OBC and physically handicapped candidates.

Qualification After 12th:

Different courses are available to become a civil judge after completing your class 12th. To pursue undergraduate courses like BA LLB & LLB, you must have completed your class 12th from a recognised board with a minimum 50% of marks.

The admissions to these courses are provided based on marks scored in the entrance exams. 

Some of the most popular entrance exams that provide admissions to law programs are CLAT, ALLET, LAST & SLAT etc…,

Qualifications After Graduate:

 You must hold a bachelor’s degree in law for a recognised university. Your minimum age should be 21 years and maximum must be below 35 years to apply for different state – level judiciary exams. If you are working as an advocate for more than seven years, you are eligible to apply for the civil judge post.

Age limit 


You must be a citizen of India or such a person of other nationality as declared eligible by the government of India.

Judge Age limit:

 The minimum age to apply for the civil judge post is 21 years, while the maximum age limit to apply Is 35 years.

 Types of job roles in judge:

  • District Judge
  • High Court Judge
  • Civil Judge
  • Sessions Judge
  • Supreme Court Judge
  • Author

Courses to become a judge:

 In order to become a judge, legal knowledge of an aspirant must be sound. Provided below are the colleges and courses that can help candidates in inculcating the right set of legal skills. 

  • The Integrated LLB {5 years} course and total fee {Approx.} is 30,000 to 3,00,000 per annum. 
  • The LLB {3 years} course and total fee {Approx.} is 22,000 to 2,50,000 per annum.
  • The LLM course and total fee {Approx.} is 50,000 to 5,00,000 per annum.





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