CRPF’s Full Form, Roles, History, Important Dates, Symbol And Motto

CRPF’s full form is Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF). It is the largest Central Armed Police Force in India. The paramilitary force (CRPF) comes under and is accountable to the Ministry of Home Affairs of the Government of India. The state and union territory governments maintain law and order in the region with help of CRPF. The headquarter of CRPF is in New Delhi, India. CRPR academy is responsible for recruiting new candidates for Joining CRPF. It was established by the Government Of India. Sh Kuldiep Singh, IPS is the Director-General of CRPF as of 2022.

Central Reserve Police Force

केंद्रीय रिजर्व पुलिस बल

Abbreviation CRPF
Motto “सेवा और निष्ठा”

Service and Loyalty

Agency overview
  • 27 July 1939
    as Crown Representative’s Police
  • 28 December 1949; 72 years ago
Preceding agency
  • Ministry of Home Affairs
Employees 313,634 Active personnel
Annual budget ₹39,022.90 crores (US$5.1 billion) (2021-22)
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction IN
Governing body MHA
Constituting instrument
  • The Central Reserve Police Force Act, 1949
Operational structure
Headquarters CGO Complex, New Delhi, INDIA
Minister responsible
  • Amit Shah, Union Minister of Home Affairs
Agency executive
  • Kuldiep Singh, IPS, Director General, CRPF
Child agencies
  • Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (COBRA)
  • Rapid Action Force (RAF)
  • Special Duty Group
  • Parliament Duty Group
  • Operation All Out (J&K)
  • Anti-Naxal Operations (LWE Region)
  • Valor Day (9 April 1965)
  • Police Commemoration Day (21 October 1959)


Table of Contents

Role of CRPF

  • Group and Riot Control
  • To counter Insurgency activities
  • To counter Naxal activities
  • To give security during elections in delicate regions
  • To help Armed powers during war times
  • To screen the ecological corruption and safeguard the neighborhood Flora and Fauna
  • To take an interest in UN Peace Keeping Mission
  • To lead Rescue and Relief Operations during Natural Calamities

Brief History

  • The name CRPF is derived from the Crown Representative’s Police (CRP) which was established on 27 July 1939 to safeguard the British public living in the delicate territories of India.
  • In 1949, under the CRPF Act, the CRP was renamed CRPF.
  • On October 21, 1959, a little CRPF watch was gone after by the Chinese officers, and 10 out of the 20 CRPF fighters forfeited their lives for the country. To respect the affliction of these warriors, October 21 is recognized as the Police Commemoration Day.
  • During the 1960s, the majority of the state police units converged with CRPF.
  • Until 1965, CRPF was monitoring the India-Pakistan Border, later BSF was sent to watch the boundary.
  • It assumed a significant part in checking assailant exercises in Punjab during the 1980s and uprising in Tripura during the 1990s.
  • In 1992, a particular unit of CRPF (Rapid Action Force) was laid out by changing 10 unattached regiments of CRPF completely to manage riots.
  • In 1986, the primary Mahila Battalion in CRPF, the 88(M) Bn was laid out to deal with women’s agitations.
  • In the 2001 Indian Parliament assault, CRPF killed five militants engaged in the assault. Around the same time, it was assigned as the head interior security power of India.
  • In 2008, Commando Battalion for Resolute Action (CoBRA), a specific unit of CRPF, was laid out to counter Naxal activities.


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